What Is a MOST Form?

A MOST form is a doctor’s order that helps you keep control over medical care at the end of life. Like a Do Not Resuscitate order (DNR), the form tells emergency medical personnel and other health care providers whether or not to administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the event of a medical emergency. The most form may also provide other information about your end-of-life health care, as explained just below.

How to Make a MOST Form

A health care professional can help you create a MOST form if you enter a participating medical facility or health care setting. If a member of the medical staff does not ask you whether you want to create a POLST form, you may ask for one.

To be legally valid, a MOST form must be signed by:

  • a health care professional, such as a physician, physician’s assistace, or advance practice registered nurse, and
  • you or your legally appointed health care representative.

In New Mexico, a MOST form is usually printed on bright green paper so it will easily stand out in your medical records. The form travels with you if you move from one health care setting to another. You can change it or cancel it at any time.

How Does a MOST Form Differ From Other Health Care Directives?

A MOST form differs from a DNR order in one important way: A MOST form also includes directions about life-sustaining measures in addition to CPR, such as intubation, antibiotic use, and feeding tubes. The MOST form helps medical providers understand your wishes at a glance, but it is not a substitute for a properly prepared advance health care directive. An advance directive provides more information than a MOST form, including details about your health care agent, more complete health care wishes, and your preference for organ donation.


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